Words From The Author:
The popularity of Judicial Services Examination has evolved with time. Earlier, a very small group of people were aware of it and wanted to pursue career of a Judicial Officer. The number grew by a good margin when people started to consider it as a career option after graduation in law. Today, the number of judicial aspirants has shot up multiple times.
The Judicial Service is one of the most prestigious jobs. It gives an opportunity to the candidate to be the part of Country’s judicial system. A lot of people sit behind their TV and criticize the law and order situation, increasing crime in the country, but feel helpless that they cannot do anything about it as they are not the part of the system, Judicial Services Examination, gives that power to a common man of the country to enter the system and bring the required change.
In 2017, nearly 70,000 – 1,00,000 aspirants appeared for the Judicial Services Examinations all over India. Becoming a Judicial Officer is not cake walk; the course is vast, involving various law subjects, general knowledge, current affairs. Like they say, good things don’t come easy. Many candidates aspire to become a Judicial Officer and appear for the examination. However, the competition is very tough the selection is very limited. Even though it is a very difficult path but it is not impossible to clear, confidence to work hard and true belief in you is the key for success. Planned study strategies, disciplined routine and most importantly, proper guidance can help you in succeeding in such examination. The main object of Frankfurt India Education is to provide comprehensive and dependable source that they can thoroughly prepare for the Judicial Services Examination.
What is Judicial Services Examination?
Judicial Services Examination or PCS (J) is entry level examination for law graduates to become member of the lower judiciary. The lower judiciary broadly comprises of three cadres of judges- District Judges, Senior Civil Judges and Civil Judges (Junior Division). These posts jointly have both civil and criminal jurisdiction. The Judicial Service Examinations are conducted for the appointment of both Additional District Judges and Civil Judges.
In India, most states conduct their own state Judicial Services Examination or under the supervision of their respective High Courts appoint members of the lower judiciary, based on the competitive examination. The pattern of each state is different.
There are thirty different Judicial Services Examinations that are conducted at a state level, under the supervision of twenty six High Courts across India. States sharing the common High Courts also conduct separate exams.
List of States conducting Judicial Service Exams:
|S.NO||State Judicial Services||Conducted by||Official Website|
|1||Andhra Pradesh Judicial Service||High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad||http://hc.tap.nic.in/|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh Judicial Service||Guwahati High Court||http://ghcitanagar.gov.in/|
|3||Assam Judicial Service||Guwahati High Court||http://ghconline.nic.in/|
|4||Bihar Judicial Service||Patna High Court||http://patnahighcourt.bin.nic.in/|
|5||Chhattisgarh Judicial Service||Chhattisgarh High Court||http://highcourt.cg.gov.in/|
|6||Delhi Judicial Service||Delhi High Court||http://delhihighcourt.nic.in/|
|7||Goa Judicial Service||Bombay High Court (Permanent Bench at Panaji)||http://www.hcbomboyatgoa.nic.in/|
|8||Gujarat Judicial Service||Gujarat High Court- Ahmedabad||http://gujarathighcourt.nic.in.|
|9||Haryana Judicial Service||Punjab and Haryana High Court||http://highcourtchd.gov.in/|
|10||Himachal Pradesh Judicial Service||Himachal Pradesh High Court||http://www.hphighcourt.nic.in/|
|11||Jammu and Kashmir Judicial Service||Jammu & Kashmir High Court||http://jkhighcourt.nic.in/|
|12||Jharkhand Judicial Service||Jharkhand High Court – Ranchi||http://www.jharkhandhighcourt.nic.in/|
|13||Karnataka Judicial Service||Karnataka High Court||http://hck.gov.in/|
|14||Kerala Judicial Service||Kerala High Court – Ernakulum||http://highcourtofkerala.nic.in/|
|15||Madhya Pradesh Judicial Service||Madhya Pradesh High Court||http://www.mphc.in/|
|16||Maharashtra Judicial Service||Bombay High Court||http://bombayhighcourt.nic/|
|17||Manipur Judicial Service||Manipur High Court – Imphal||http://hcmimphal.nic.in/|
|18||Meghalaya Judicial Service||Meghalaya High Court –Shillong||http://meghalayahighcourt.nic.in/|
|19||Mizoram Judicial Service||Guwahati High Court||http://ghcazlbench.nic.in/|
|20||Nagaland Judicial Service||Guwahati High Court||http://kohimahighcourt.gov.in/|
|21||Odisha Judicial Service||Odisha High Court||http://www.orissahighcourt.nic.in/|
|22||Punjab Judicial Service||Punjab and Haryana High Court||http://highcourtchd.gov.in/|
|23||Rajasthan Judicial Service||Rajasthan High Court||http://hcraj.nic.in/|
|24||Sikkim Judicial Service||Sikkim High Court||http://www.highcourtof sikkim.nic.in/|
|25||Tamil Nadu Judicial Service||Madras High Court||http://www.hcmadras.tn.nic.in/|
|26||Talangana Judicial Service||High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad||http://hc.tap.nic.in/|
|27||Tripura Judicial Service||Tripura High Court Agartala||http://thc.nic.in/|
|28||Utter Pradesh Judicial Service||Allahabad High Court||http://www.allahabadhighcourt.in/|
|29||Uttarakhand Judicial Service||Uttarakhand High Court||http://highcourtofuttarakhand.nic.in/|
|30||West Bengal Judicial Service||Calcutta High Court||http://calcuttahighcourt.nic.in/|
What Will be Eligibility Criteria?
The eligibility criteria for both the exams, i.e., Civil Judge and District Judge, are different.
For Civil Judge:
- Educational Qualification: To be eligible for becoming a Civil Judge one should possess a law graduate degree recognized by the Bar Council of India.
- Age: Not less than 21 years and not greater than 35 years
For District Judge:
- A minimum number of years of practice, as a lawyer, usually seven, at bar is a necessary qualification for direct entry level to become a District Judge upon a written examination and oral interview by a committee of High Court Judges, the appointment of District Judges is notified by the State Government.
- The age and number of years practice relaxation for specific groups such as SC, STs, OBS, in-service candidates, physically challenged and women candidates varying state to state are prescribed at the state level.
- A citizen of India, domiciled in any part of the country is eligible to appear for the Judicial Services Exam conducted by any state.
What is Structure and Pattern of the Exam?
Judicial Services Examination is usually conducted in three stages:
Preliminary test: it is an objective test comprising multiple choice questions from law subjects as per LLB syllabus, general knowledge and current affairs, some states also ask questions based on basic computer knowledge and English, with or without negative marking. The number of questions varies states to state. The score of the preliminary examination is significant for qualifying to the written main examination. The marks obtained by the candidates in the Preliminary test are not added to the main exam and do not affect the final selection.
Main Examination: it is a subjective test. It is sub divided into sub papers customised for different states, comprising subjective questions from civil law, criminal law, language paper- English and Hindi or any other local language of the state. The main objective of the main examination is to assess the candidate’s knowledge, understanding and logical application of law, his reading, writing and comprehensive skills. The final result is mainly dependent on the marks obtained by the candidate in the main examination added with the marks in viva voice.
Viva Voice: the last and the final stage of the exam is viva voice. It is a kind of personal interview. The examiner tests candidate’s overall personality, general interests and intelligence among other factors.
What We Provide?
- Personal attention to each student
- Exhaustive study material
- Small batches
- Recording of lectures and online internet lecture facility available
- Personal counselling and guidance fo0r students and parents
- Regular study material of GK and Current affairs
- Case laws- landmark and recent